algeria physical features

Some places are extremely prone to disaster, such as the city that was known as Orleansville in colonial times. Nature Reserves Algeria's Literacy Rate is 70%. The Atlas mountains sit to the north, and the Ahaggar Massif is southeast. Most oil products now go to the growing domestic market, making the oil industry a less important source of external revenue. The next landscape band is made up of further mountain ranges that are part of Algeria’s Saharan Atlas range. Algeria has a total of 113 Doctors. The coastal areas experience mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Despite the costs involved and the technical difficulties, this programme, involving specialized foreign construction firms, is of sufficient strategic importance that the state is continuing them. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. The major parks are the Hoggar Mountains near Tamanrasset, and the Tassili n’Ajjer area near the south-eastern city of Djanet. Other goods grown are dates, figs, fruits, olives and vegetables. Capital Algiers Get the latest update on the Coronavirus outbreak in the Middle East and North Africa. To the north is a hilly and narrow coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea with a few small rivers. The official name of Algeria is the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria and its National Holiday is also known as Revolution Day,honoring the day the final bid for independence began on the … This area, the most inhabited in Algeria, is commonly referred to as the Tell. The most populated areas in the coastal plains lie on the edge of this zone. Industrialization, population growth, the war of independence, and the civil war of the 1990s have left their traces in the landscape and the ecosystem. The plains consist of grasslands and small bushes that traditionally provided pasturage for sheep and goats. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Algeria’s main natural resources are its hydrocarbons – oil and, above all, natural gas, of which the country is a major producer in the global market. Most successful has been the designation of national parks, mainly in the south. During this time, road travel is difficult and air travel prone to delay because of sandstorms. Geography and Climate Algeria has a total area of 919,595, the USA has a total area of 3,795,083. These natural parks also have economic value through their appeal to tourists. Other invaders soon discovered the enormous agricultural potential of the coastal plains. After it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1954, it was rebuilt after the war of independence and renamed al-Asnam but suffered the same fate in 1980, leaving thousands dead. Algeria's Literacy Rate is 70%. Fomented by the National Liberation Front (FLN), Algeria gained its political freedom eight long years later in 1962. Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara lie to the southwest. In 2003 a major earthquake hit the region of Boumerdès, close to the capital, where a thousand people lost their lives and buildings were destroyed. The sands of time have washed over the fallen city, preserving most of the buildings in perfect condition, with other structures surviving the weather conditions, one century at a time. An area of extremes, the Sahara Desert presents some stunning scenery. Domestic consumption per capita is, however, lower than in other gas-producing countries, leaving a relatively large share for export. Help us publishing and disseminating reliable, unbiased information on the Middle East & North Africa region. The variety of animals shown in these pictures is a good indication of the very different climate prevailing then. Algerian wine can be found in some major restaurants in the big cities and is also being exported in limited quantities. Algeria has two well known physical features. Trekking is a popular activity throughout the world. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use. Rock carvings dating back about 7,000 years have been discovered in the Tassili n’Ajjer. The last section, which is also the biggest section, is the Sahara Desert. Algeria's Life Expectancy(years) is 72.3 years old. These are Tunisia, Libya, and Niger to the northeast, east, and southeast respectively. Over the years, however, the awareness of desertification and the environmental impact of economic activities has grown. Algeria has a total of 88 passenger cars. The government is trying to improve the situation by building or reconstructing dams to create water reserves. Major cities, including the capital Algiers, are scattered along or near the coastline. These are Atlas Mountains in the North and the Sahara Desert in the South. In Algeria they have a population 32,854,000 people. The desert city of Ghardaïa, for example, experienced large floods in October 2008. There are also many animals in Algeria, in the Tell Atlas there are Jackals, boars, antelopes, and Barbary apes "Algeria: Environment."). No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of Algeria Bordering Countries: In addition, precious metals are found in the remote corners of the desert. For the first two thirds of the 20th century, Algeria's high fertility rate caused its population to grow rapidly. Important to this success has been the involvement of the local communities, for whom the desert also brings new economic opportunities, as the parks have become main tourist destinations. Cheers, this article helped me a tonne, and I got top marks with my project! Algeria has a total area of 919,595, the USA has a total area of 3,795,083. The northern-most division, the Tell, incorporates all 1200 kilometers of Algeria’s coastline. Lake Chott Melrhir is an endorheic (closed basin) salt lake whose size varies throughout the year, yet is the largest lake in Algeria with its maximum area about 2,600 sq. In most cases, the borders were delineated by the European colonial powers, especially France. Border issues between Algeria and Libya were more easily resolved. Major oil and gas fields lie in the northern Sahara. About geography, climate, and tourism. However, about a decade after independence from France in 1962, the total fertility rate fell dramatically from 7 children per woman in the 1970s to about 2.4 in 2000, slowing Algeria's population growth rate by the late 1980s. Algeria also hosts 19 species of animals that are considered to be on the brink of extinction. Stay up to date with the weekly newsletter! spread his legions building distant desert cities like Thamugadi (Timgad) and Cuicul (Djemila); these imposing ruins still stand amid sand dunes and oil rigs. The southern borders, drawn in the Sahara desert, are not easily guarded, providing opportunities for smuggling and illegal migration. South of the Sahara, temperatures are pleasant from October to April, but there are great variations between day and night. Gordon Foley Algeria’s Geography and Environment Algeria is the second largest country in Africa and it spans all the way from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert. The south, consisting of the Sahara, is a solid and ancient platform of basement rock, horizontal and uniform.

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