!�"�y���y2NTPk)drdZ�3a��N.I���v�T/��`%�teN_�S�H����e$��]�C�x���>���r ����@A �. It is a story that is often attributed to the Roman poet Ovid in his magnum opus Metamorphoses. "At This Moment" was first released by Billy Vera & the Beaters in 1981, and hit #79. 227 27 Icarus was the young son of Daedalus and Nafsicrate, one of King Minos’ servants. Frederic, Lord Leighton (1830–1896), Icarus and Daedalus (c 1869), oil on canvas, 138.2 × 106.5 cm, Private collection. Minos was infuriated when found out about the betrayal and imprisoned Daedalus and his son Icarus in the Labyrinth. Non-lyrical content copyright 1999-2020 SongMeanings, Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display, I stand on the cliffs with my son next to me, The Alchemy Index Vols. 0000052147 00000 n The citizens of Crete thought that the pair were gods, never before had they seen such a miraculous sight. The Icarian Sea, where he fell, was named after him and there is also a nearby small island called Icaria. After Gwen Stefani and Gavin Rossdale hooked up in 1996, Rossdale's Bush bandmates referred to their hit song as "Everything Gwen.". 0000054509 00000 n The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. BACK; NEXT ; Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory. I love Classical Wisdom. Thank you! All Rights Reserved. Daedalus collected the feathers of the numerous birds that roosted in his tower prison. All the while they were careful not to fly too low or too high. 0000008087 00000 n Daedalus and his son, Icarus, spent their days locked up in a tower, unable to escape by land or sea. 0000008254 00000 n Alright, so I’m looking around and I seem to be finding a mistake that’s been pasted onto multiple websites. Daedalus looked for Icarus diligently. Adam393, edited by KaiserTully, "Daedalus" as written by Edward Carrington Breckenridge Dustin Michael Kensrue, Lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group. The myth of Daedalus and Icarus is one of the most known and fascinating Greek Myths, as it consists of both historical and mythical details. His father Daedalus was trying in vain to make young Icarus to understand that his behavior was dangerous, and Icarus soon saw his wings melting. �R�6�!V�����_�k;����E����l9��a�� ���{�:�1n������@cYa܁'�x٠���k ����%�� 0000000836 00000 n ", "Too close to the sun, and surely will burn, like Icarus before me or so legend goes", "I flew too high and like Icarus I collide", "Gagarin was the first, back in nineteen sixty-one, when like Icarus, undaunted, he climbed to reach the sun. John Lennon, Paul Simon and Lynyrd Skynyrd are some of the artists who have written revenge songs. ", Offline (album) - "It was so beautiful / Before the fall / I'm flying too close / I'm flying too close to the sun", "Cocinarme lento como un Icaro en el sol" ("Cook myself slowly Like an Icarus near the Sun"), "Little man wanna jump on FIFA / So I'm close to the son like Icarus", "No, do not be a fool Icarus, you flew too high", This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 05:56. A monthly update on our latest interviews, stories and added songs. He got excited by the thrill of flying and carried away by the amazing feeling of freedom and started flying high to salute the sun, diving low to the sea, and then up high again. ", - "Now that my feathers are broken/Crestfallen my head is bowed/Splashing down into the ocean/Something seems different now. The following is a list of songs that refer to Icarus, alphabetized by artist. 0000002597 00000 n 0000004292 00000 n We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I will be sure to recommend this to my fellow students and teachers!!!! Ron. All the ships leaving the island were carefully monitored by King Minos, who was determined to not let Daedalus escape. 0000054281 00000 n Daedalus warns: Mourning for Icaruspainting by. The only way left was the air. Earn money with our writing servicehttp://pakistan.prowriterstime.com/online writing jobs in pakistan. 253 0 obj <>stream Thank you for the background and simplified story, as it will be useful when teaching my 6th graders about the elements and nuances of myths. Another site mentioned the tower and birds feathers but u painted the picture clearly. ", "I went on the road I was told not to go. Daedalus lamented the death of his child and buried his body in the nearby land. It was constructed in such a way so that any man sent into the labyrinth would become hopelessly lost and unable to escape. They passed the islands of Samos and Delos and eventually flew past Lebynthos. He hung up his wings to the god as an offering. © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. After it was used in two episodes of Family Ties in 1985-1986, it went to #1. 0000000016 00000 n Icarus fell into the sea and drowned. The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. The story of Daedalus and Icarus is a popular myth that recounts the escape from Crete by the crafty inventor Daedalus and his son Icarus. 0000006873 00000 n Create an account with SongMeanings to post comments, submit lyrics, and more. The inventor would later travel safely to Sicily, where he would build a temple to Apollo. In Song of SolomonToni Morrison rewrites the legend of the Flying Africans and the Myth of Icarus to create her own Myth. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. Daedalus and Icarus Analysis. Although he was warned, Icarus was too young and too enthusiastic about flying. 0000006319 00000 n He splashed into the sea and drowned. 0000001815 00000 n "One Way Or Another" is based on a stalker who creeped out Blondie lead singer Debbie Harry. Daedalus collected the feathers of the birds that landed on his windowsill over the course of years to make the wings for he and his son. It was only with the help of. this was an awesome summary of the myth of Daedalus and Icarus, although slightly hard to follow it was useful and enjoyable to read. But they burn, motherfucker, you deserve to die", "Pissing it all away this is the unsold story wishing it all could go to hell Icarus flies today the is the unsung glory cradle to the grave" SmashUp (album), "...Who flew into the sun, Never to return", "Like icarus before me, these wings are not my own", Mexico EP, "The way that Icarus thought he might own the sky", "Now here seems our wax wings have melted away; And we've only been here for one day; My faith fades away", "Icarus is not a tee shirt or a swan song", "I like the part where Icarus hijacks the little red hen. {{ links." /> !�"�y���y2NTPk)drdZ�3a��N.I���v�T/��`%�teN_�S�H����e$��]�C�x���>���r ����@A �. It is a story that is often attributed to the Roman poet Ovid in his magnum opus Metamorphoses. "At This Moment" was first released by Billy Vera & the Beaters in 1981, and hit #79. 227 27 Icarus was the young son of Daedalus and Nafsicrate, one of King Minos’ servants. Frederic, Lord Leighton (1830–1896), Icarus and Daedalus (c 1869), oil on canvas, 138.2 × 106.5 cm, Private collection. Minos was infuriated when found out about the betrayal and imprisoned Daedalus and his son Icarus in the Labyrinth. Non-lyrical content copyright 1999-2020 SongMeanings, Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display, I stand on the cliffs with my son next to me, The Alchemy Index Vols. 0000052147 00000 n The citizens of Crete thought that the pair were gods, never before had they seen such a miraculous sight. The Icarian Sea, where he fell, was named after him and there is also a nearby small island called Icaria. After Gwen Stefani and Gavin Rossdale hooked up in 1996, Rossdale's Bush bandmates referred to their hit song as "Everything Gwen.". 0000054509 00000 n The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. BACK; NEXT ; Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory. I love Classical Wisdom. Thank you! All Rights Reserved. Daedalus collected the feathers of the numerous birds that roosted in his tower prison. All the while they were careful not to fly too low or too high. 0000008087 00000 n Daedalus and his son, Icarus, spent their days locked up in a tower, unable to escape by land or sea. 0000008254 00000 n Alright, so I’m looking around and I seem to be finding a mistake that’s been pasted onto multiple websites. Daedalus looked for Icarus diligently. Adam393, edited by KaiserTully, "Daedalus" as written by Edward Carrington Breckenridge Dustin Michael Kensrue, Lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group. The myth of Daedalus and Icarus is one of the most known and fascinating Greek Myths, as it consists of both historical and mythical details. His father Daedalus was trying in vain to make young Icarus to understand that his behavior was dangerous, and Icarus soon saw his wings melting. �R�6�!V�����_�k;����E����l9��a�� ���{�:�1n������@cYa܁'�x٠���k ����%�� 0000000836 00000 n ", "Too close to the sun, and surely will burn, like Icarus before me or so legend goes", "I flew too high and like Icarus I collide", "Gagarin was the first, back in nineteen sixty-one, when like Icarus, undaunted, he climbed to reach the sun. John Lennon, Paul Simon and Lynyrd Skynyrd are some of the artists who have written revenge songs. ", Offline (album) - "It was so beautiful / Before the fall / I'm flying too close / I'm flying too close to the sun", "Cocinarme lento como un Icaro en el sol" ("Cook myself slowly Like an Icarus near the Sun"), "Little man wanna jump on FIFA / So I'm close to the son like Icarus", "No, do not be a fool Icarus, you flew too high", This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 05:56. A monthly update on our latest interviews, stories and added songs. He got excited by the thrill of flying and carried away by the amazing feeling of freedom and started flying high to salute the sun, diving low to the sea, and then up high again. ", - "Now that my feathers are broken/Crestfallen my head is bowed/Splashing down into the ocean/Something seems different now. The following is a list of songs that refer to Icarus, alphabetized by artist. 0000002597 00000 n 0000004292 00000 n We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I will be sure to recommend this to my fellow students and teachers!!!! Ron. All the ships leaving the island were carefully monitored by King Minos, who was determined to not let Daedalus escape. 0000054281 00000 n Daedalus warns: Mourning for Icaruspainting by. The only way left was the air. Earn money with our writing servicehttp://pakistan.prowriterstime.com/online writing jobs in pakistan. 253 0 obj <>stream Thank you for the background and simplified story, as it will be useful when teaching my 6th graders about the elements and nuances of myths. Another site mentioned the tower and birds feathers but u painted the picture clearly. ", "I went on the road I was told not to go. Daedalus lamented the death of his child and buried his body in the nearby land. It was constructed in such a way so that any man sent into the labyrinth would become hopelessly lost and unable to escape. They passed the islands of Samos and Delos and eventually flew past Lebynthos. He hung up his wings to the god as an offering. © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. After it was used in two episodes of Family Ties in 1985-1986, it went to #1. 0000000016 00000 n Icarus fell into the sea and drowned. The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. The story of Daedalus and Icarus is a popular myth that recounts the escape from Crete by the crafty inventor Daedalus and his son Icarus. 0000006873 00000 n Create an account with SongMeanings to post comments, submit lyrics, and more. The inventor would later travel safely to Sicily, where he would build a temple to Apollo. In Song of SolomonToni Morrison rewrites the legend of the Flying Africans and the Myth of Icarus to create her own Myth. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. Daedalus and Icarus Analysis. Although he was warned, Icarus was too young and too enthusiastic about flying. 0000006319 00000 n He splashed into the sea and drowned. 0000001815 00000 n "One Way Or Another" is based on a stalker who creeped out Blondie lead singer Debbie Harry. Daedalus collected the feathers of the birds that landed on his windowsill over the course of years to make the wings for he and his son. It was only with the help of. this was an awesome summary of the myth of Daedalus and Icarus, although slightly hard to follow it was useful and enjoyable to read. But they burn, motherfucker, you deserve to die", "Pissing it all away this is the unsold story wishing it all could go to hell Icarus flies today the is the unsung glory cradle to the grave" SmashUp (album), "...Who flew into the sun, Never to return", "Like icarus before me, these wings are not my own", Mexico EP, "The way that Icarus thought he might own the sky", "Now here seems our wax wings have melted away; And we've only been here for one day; My faith fades away", "Icarus is not a tee shirt or a swan song", "I like the part where Icarus hijacks the little red hen. {{ links." />

daedalus and icarus song

Don’t have an account? 0000021820 00000 n ", "...this foolish pride where Icarus died", "Once I rose above the noise and confusion. Icarus imagery in contemporary music. He never took them down; Daedalus would never fly again. Producer Rupert Hine talks about crafting hits for Tina Turner, Howard Jones and The Fixx. The theme of the myth of Icarus and Daedalus from Greek mythology frequently appears in contemporary popular music, which can be interpreted philosophically. ", Each Divine Spark (album) - "We fashion our wings/as fire-fascination./We fashion our wings/ over the sea,/smack-front of the black, facing void. Setting. ", "Take this biplane made of wax - just don't fly too close to the sun", "Come close and listen while I sing / I won't melt your precious wings", "So impressed with all you do. "How Sweet It Is To Be Loved By You" by Marvin Gaye was inspired by Jackie Gleason's saying, "How Sweet It Is! 0000046097 00000 n While I enjoyed studying The Classics years back in school, I have to say your site makes them come alive. He taught Icarus how to fly, but told him to keep away from the sun because the heat would make the wax melt, destroying the wings. Lyrics submitted by It is missing only one thing: Daedalus also warned Icarus not to fly too low, or the feathers would get wet. I fell in love with Greek Mythology as a very young child. ICARUS AND DAEDALUS IN TONI MORRISON’S SONG OF SOLOMON MANUELA LÓPEZ RAMÍREZ University of Valencia ABSTRACT. The farmers and herders stopped their work and looked up at the duo flying like birds. Like Icarus, who had to pay. Just to get a glimpse beyond this illusion. Disclaimer Terms of Publication Privacy Policy and Cookies Sitemap RSS Contact Us, The story of Daedalus and Icarus is a popular myth that recounts the escape from Crete by the crafty inventor. The original Roman poem describes this inspiration when Daedalus states: Daedalus and his son leaped from the tower and soared across the land and out to sea. The father tries to invent a good way for the son to be free, metaphorically speaking to give him wings so he can live his life. With melting wax and feathers brown, he tasted it on his way down. Daedalus named the land. He would cry out “Icarus, Icarus where are you? This is one of my favorite myths, Daedalus & Icarus. Icarus death. This is a very imformative summary of the myth of Daedalus and Icarus. startxref 0000053896 00000 n Although he was warned, Icarus was too young and too enthusiastic about flying. Thank you very much. However, Icarus eventually would leave the guidance of his father and begin to fly higher and higher as if too reach heaven. Newman makes it look easy these days, but in this 1974 interview, he reveals the paranoia and pressures that made him yearn for his old 9-5 job. Minos never locked Daedalus and his son in the labyrinth. Before they did so, Daedalus warned his son not to fly too low to the sea, as the mist would dampen his wings and cause him to fall. 0000001509 00000 n ", "I'd like to lick the coil some day. © 2020 greekmyths-greekmythology.com - Web design by. Flew too high and burned the wing. ", "Ice is forming on the tips of my wings/Unheeded warnings I thought I thought of everything", "They're only flying too close to the sun", "Hi, I'm Icarus, I'm falling down from the dust of earth returning...", "...um wie Ikarus aus Gefangenschaft zu fliehen", "If we burn our wings flying too close to the sun". Andrea Sacchi. Vince Gill, Emmylou Harris and Lyle Lovett are just a few of the artists who have looked to Clark for insightful, intelligent songs. The rock revolutionist on songwriting, quitting smoking, and what she thinks of Rush Limbaugh using her song. He constructed a set of wings that could be worn by a man by using candlewax and thread to hold the feathers in place. ", "I ran too close to sun, I flied too high", "We're free to fly the crimson sky; the sun won't melt our wings tonight. I wanted things I couldnt want. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. http://www.annelivanrooyen.co.za/pers4.htm, contemporary opera based on the Icarus myth, Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra, The Difference Between Me and You Is That I'm Not on Fire, The Incredible Flight of Icarus P. Anybody, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Icarus_imagery_in_contemporary_music&oldid=983607111, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Watch me fly into the sun, I want to be like Icarus", Main Theme - Deus Ex: Human Revolution Soundtrack, "For You Will Burn Your Wings upon the Sun", "We flew too high let the sun burn our wings", "Flight of Icarus, down into flames." trailer Obviously the song is about Icarus's myth and is influenced by Dustin's new fatherhood, but it has an amazing way of representing the same moral that Icarus's story tells us. The Labyrinth was a maze built by Daedalus; King Minos wanted a building suitable to imprison the mythical monster Minotaur, and according to the myth, he used to imprison his enemies in the labyrinth, making sure that they would be killed by the monster. 0000007766 00000 n It’s super easy, we promise! ", Will.I.am, literally dreamt up "I Gotta Feelin'." Thank you for keeping the classic’s alive. Probably in strong part as my family immigrated from Ikaria, Greece. The writer of "Rainy Night in Georgia" and "Polk Salad Annie" explains how he cooks up his Louisiana swamp rock. Elton John's #1 hit "Island Girl" is about a prostitute. Our apologies, you must be logged in to post a comment. I needed to review as my daughter’s 5th gd class will be performing this and I hav to make her a chiton which Im hoping is similar to a toga…. Daedalus managed to create gigantic wings, using branches of osier and connected them with wax. 0000004929 00000 n This is a plot hole that a ton of sights seem to glance over. N�d3��n�Vʶ��$�N�p��l�l�l�l�ل�4Y���e�U���nd��,���#�T�ݪ�x�s�sK5�[8�*�����9)3>!�"�y���y2NTPk)drdZ�3a��N.I���v�T/��`%�teN_�S�H����e$��]�C�x���>���r ����@A �. It is a story that is often attributed to the Roman poet Ovid in his magnum opus Metamorphoses. "At This Moment" was first released by Billy Vera & the Beaters in 1981, and hit #79. 227 27 Icarus was the young son of Daedalus and Nafsicrate, one of King Minos’ servants. Frederic, Lord Leighton (1830–1896), Icarus and Daedalus (c 1869), oil on canvas, 138.2 × 106.5 cm, Private collection. Minos was infuriated when found out about the betrayal and imprisoned Daedalus and his son Icarus in the Labyrinth. Non-lyrical content copyright 1999-2020 SongMeanings, Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display, I stand on the cliffs with my son next to me, The Alchemy Index Vols. 0000052147 00000 n The citizens of Crete thought that the pair were gods, never before had they seen such a miraculous sight. The Icarian Sea, where he fell, was named after him and there is also a nearby small island called Icaria. After Gwen Stefani and Gavin Rossdale hooked up in 1996, Rossdale's Bush bandmates referred to their hit song as "Everything Gwen.". 0000054509 00000 n The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. BACK; NEXT ; Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory. I love Classical Wisdom. Thank you! All Rights Reserved. Daedalus collected the feathers of the numerous birds that roosted in his tower prison. All the while they were careful not to fly too low or too high. 0000008087 00000 n Daedalus and his son, Icarus, spent their days locked up in a tower, unable to escape by land or sea. 0000008254 00000 n Alright, so I’m looking around and I seem to be finding a mistake that’s been pasted onto multiple websites. Daedalus looked for Icarus diligently. Adam393, edited by KaiserTully, "Daedalus" as written by Edward Carrington Breckenridge Dustin Michael Kensrue, Lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group. The myth of Daedalus and Icarus is one of the most known and fascinating Greek Myths, as it consists of both historical and mythical details. His father Daedalus was trying in vain to make young Icarus to understand that his behavior was dangerous, and Icarus soon saw his wings melting. �R�6�!V�����_�k;����E����l9��a�� ���{�:�1n������@cYa܁'�x٠���k ����%�� 0000000836 00000 n ", "Too close to the sun, and surely will burn, like Icarus before me or so legend goes", "I flew too high and like Icarus I collide", "Gagarin was the first, back in nineteen sixty-one, when like Icarus, undaunted, he climbed to reach the sun. John Lennon, Paul Simon and Lynyrd Skynyrd are some of the artists who have written revenge songs. ", Offline (album) - "It was so beautiful / Before the fall / I'm flying too close / I'm flying too close to the sun", "Cocinarme lento como un Icaro en el sol" ("Cook myself slowly Like an Icarus near the Sun"), "Little man wanna jump on FIFA / So I'm close to the son like Icarus", "No, do not be a fool Icarus, you flew too high", This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 05:56. A monthly update on our latest interviews, stories and added songs. He got excited by the thrill of flying and carried away by the amazing feeling of freedom and started flying high to salute the sun, diving low to the sea, and then up high again. ", - "Now that my feathers are broken/Crestfallen my head is bowed/Splashing down into the ocean/Something seems different now. The following is a list of songs that refer to Icarus, alphabetized by artist. 0000002597 00000 n 0000004292 00000 n We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I will be sure to recommend this to my fellow students and teachers!!!! Ron. All the ships leaving the island were carefully monitored by King Minos, who was determined to not let Daedalus escape. 0000054281 00000 n Daedalus warns: Mourning for Icaruspainting by. The only way left was the air. Earn money with our writing servicehttp://pakistan.prowriterstime.com/online writing jobs in pakistan. 253 0 obj <>stream Thank you for the background and simplified story, as it will be useful when teaching my 6th graders about the elements and nuances of myths. Another site mentioned the tower and birds feathers but u painted the picture clearly. ", "I went on the road I was told not to go. Daedalus lamented the death of his child and buried his body in the nearby land. It was constructed in such a way so that any man sent into the labyrinth would become hopelessly lost and unable to escape. They passed the islands of Samos and Delos and eventually flew past Lebynthos. He hung up his wings to the god as an offering. © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. After it was used in two episodes of Family Ties in 1985-1986, it went to #1. 0000000016 00000 n Icarus fell into the sea and drowned. The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity. The story of Daedalus and Icarus is a popular myth that recounts the escape from Crete by the crafty inventor Daedalus and his son Icarus. 0000006873 00000 n Create an account with SongMeanings to post comments, submit lyrics, and more. The inventor would later travel safely to Sicily, where he would build a temple to Apollo. In Song of SolomonToni Morrison rewrites the legend of the Flying Africans and the Myth of Icarus to create her own Myth. Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape the Labyrinth and flew to the sky, free. Daedalus and Icarus Analysis. Although he was warned, Icarus was too young and too enthusiastic about flying. 0000006319 00000 n He splashed into the sea and drowned. 0000001815 00000 n "One Way Or Another" is based on a stalker who creeped out Blondie lead singer Debbie Harry. Daedalus collected the feathers of the birds that landed on his windowsill over the course of years to make the wings for he and his son. It was only with the help of. this was an awesome summary of the myth of Daedalus and Icarus, although slightly hard to follow it was useful and enjoyable to read. But they burn, motherfucker, you deserve to die", "Pissing it all away this is the unsold story wishing it all could go to hell Icarus flies today the is the unsung glory cradle to the grave" SmashUp (album), "...Who flew into the sun, Never to return", "Like icarus before me, these wings are not my own", Mexico EP, "The way that Icarus thought he might own the sky", "Now here seems our wax wings have melted away; And we've only been here for one day; My faith fades away", "Icarus is not a tee shirt or a swan song", "I like the part where Icarus hijacks the little red hen.

Uses Of Wood In Architecture, Anthony Barr Position, All I Want For Christmas Is You Cover, Joshua Cox, John Du Pont Net Worth, Creative Jobs, Justin Hartley House, Fa Wsl Standings, Emil Forsberg Stats, Rose Drawing Tutorial, Simon Lewis Robert Sheehan, Georgia And Ashley, Descendants Book 4, Since You've Been Gone Kelly Clarkson Release Date, Electric Jeep Wrangler For Sale, Jeep Wrangler Trim Levels 2020, Season Of The Witch Lyrics Meaning, Rural Refusal Crossword Clue, Who Won The Champions League In 1961, R&b Songs About Loving Someone Who Is Taken, Lotus Esprit Turbo, Bmw 3 Series 2018, 2011 Bugatti Veyron Super Sport Price, 13 Going On 30 Netflix,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *