why was nigeria capital moved from lagos to abuja

Over time, the coastal town of Lagos, then Nigeria’s capital, grew rapidly leading to questions around the suitability of Lagos serving as both the Federal capital City of Nigeria and that of Lagos State. Having considered those biases and Abuja was picked out; the project of building the city (Abuja) began in the 1980s. We believe that the new capital created on such virgin lands, as suggested, will be for all Nigerians a symbol of their oneness and unity. Here are top 5 reasons the capital of Nigeria was moved from Lagos to Abuja. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. All Rights Reserved. How? Lagos was congested and due to the nature of the terrain, it was difficult to expand and have the kind of infrastructure that was envisaged. Some of the problems with Lagos State being the capital were identified as; intolerable conditions of living and working, intractable traffic, chronic housing shortages, over congestion, overstretched infrastructure, and severe environmental sanitation problems. In 1960, Nigeria was granted political independence as a sovereign state under the 1960 Constitution from Britain. In 1991, after basic structures had been put up, Abuja was declared as the capital of Nigeria. The choice of a practically unknown place to establish a political capital was necessary. Abuja in the center of the country has virtually limitless land for expansion. Lagos is located in the south western part of Nigeria and is a distance to some cities in Nigeria. 6 of 1979 a rate of compensation for households as well as churches and mosques. Lagos at standstill as Nigeria protests spiral Tuesday, October 20, 2020 A protester displays a placard at the entrance of the Murtala Muhammed Airport in Lagos on October 19, 2020. By Independence, Lagos had grown in its own way unplanned way and the need arose to establish a city whose road network, business district, recreational centre, drainage system, etc. Lekki Toll Gate: The Ground Of The Fallen, 7 Ways To Participate In The #EndSARS Campaign Other Than Street Protests, What #EndSARS Movement Tells Us About Nigeria, #EndSARS: Lagos State Placed Under Curfew. Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news. Abuja was made capital due to several reasons. From 1914 to 1991, Lagos was the seat of power of Nigeria and served as both a political and economic capital. Abuja was a site in the center of the country inhabited by several ethnic groups like the Gbagyi, Koro, Gade, and Gwandara, none of which belongs to the dominant nationalities: Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, and Ijaw. It lies in the central part of Nigeria, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT; created 1976). It was also where Lady Flora Shaw came up with the name Nigeria. This displacement has caused a lingering controversy, while Abuja was seen as a “no man’s land”, the ethnic group Gbagyi (Gwari) who were the original settlers in Abuja before it was chosen as the FCT, think otherwise and have continued to fight for the land. After Lagos served as the capital of Nigeria for many years, even after amalgamation and independence, religious and ethnic divisions caused the Nigerian government to begin searching for a capital that seemed neutral to all major ethnic parties and in close proximity to the regions of Nigeria. Lagos was the former capital of Nigeria. References: Naij, Wikipedia, New Telegraph Online, Quora. by Naija.Com Stating it more clearly, for instance, people were found to have been living in areas like Nsukka since about 100,000 years ago. #EndSARS: Obasanjo blames Buhari, says President didn’t explore dialogue, Anti-riot policemen evacuate TVC staff after mob attack, Shelter Afrique to embark on 10,000-unit Kinyinya housing estate, #EndSARS Protests: Speak up now, Nigeria on a time bomb, NUJ tells Buhari, Tompolo makes first public appearance after six years, 29 touching pictures of the Lekki massacre and End-SARS protests across Nigeria, DEVELOPING: Channels TV goes off air, reason unknown, How To Build and Maintain a Great Landlord Tenant Relationship, Four Steps To Establish A Successful Landlord-Tenant Relationship, Please Be Careful: FG Officially Approves Regulation Of Civil Servants’ Social Media Usage, Top Ten Most Beautiful Cities In Nigeria 2020, FMBN Disburses N7bn loan to Beneficiaries in 2017, How construction, real estate can drive growth, by experts. In 1991, the federal capital was moved to Abuja because of the excessive population, poverty, urban decay, and crime in and around Lagos, the former capital. Abuja was sparsely inhabited unlike other places in the country. Capital cities are significant for many reasons that differ from country to country and region. Why The Capital Was Moved From Lagos To Abuja by Naija.Com (01/10/15) From 1914 to 1991, Lagos was the seat of power of Nigeria and served as both a political and economic capital. Calabar is considered as the first capital of Nigeria because it served as the first capital of the Southern Protectorate, the Oil River Protectorate, and Niger Coast Protectorate. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? Merck Foundation partners with Burundi First Lady to build healthcare capacity, empower girls in education and break the infertility stigma, Super Eagles star Emmanuel Dennis kicks off 2020/2021 Champions League campaign with a goal, Lagos in shock after deadly shooting of protesters. Your email address will not be published. It is believed that the most intensive expression is seen in the choice of site for a nation’s capital. Why Did Nigeria Move Its Capital From Lagos To Abuja Torixus Media report about the Reason why the Capital of Nigeria was Shifted from Lagos to Abuja is that Lagos was congested and due to the nature of the terrain, it was difficult to expand and have the kind of … The location of a country’s capital is an important feature in the political geography of that country. These factors necessitated the setting up of a panel in August, 1975 by the then Military Regime of late Murtala Mohammed. When Lagos was the capital of Nigeria, it was at the risk of being claimed by the Yoruba people as their own land. ALSO READ: See how all the 36 states got their names. The coastal town of Lagos, Nigeria’s capital since 1914, was growing in an unplanned way. Also, on 12 December 1991, the seat of the Federal Government was also formally relocated to Abuja. Calabar is the capital city of Cross River state, Nigeria and the tourism capital of Nigeria. In December 1991 Lagos lost its title of capital to Abuja, 8,000 square kilometres of land carved out years earlier from the heart of the country. Eyewitness? The Federal Territory will belong to all Nigerians”. From 1914 to 1991, Lagos was the seat of power of Nigeria and served as both a political and economic capital. The location of a country’s capital is an important feature in the political geography of that country. The cost of relocating places of worship along with families was agreed at the sum of one million naira for the Niger, Plateau, and Kwara states, in a deal signed on October 10, 1977. READ ALSO: How to check if National identity card is ready. The capital (seat of central government) was thereafter officially moved from Lagos to Abuja on December 12, 1991. It's easy to do. Following a threat of force by Commander Beddingfield, Oba Dosunmu of Lagos signed the Lagos Treaty of Cession document, 11 days after facing a threat of violence on Lagos. Asaba, the current capital of Delta state, is believed to have been where the British colonial masters started their administration. You have successfully subscribed to receive our newsletter pulse.ng, Calabar, the first official capital of Nigeria, Don't miss a thing, get the latest updates to fuel your conversation daily, Abuja, then Suleja, was chosen as Nigeria's capital, See how all the 36 states got their names. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. After independence Nigeria, like many newly independent African States, inherited a capital which was then Lagos, a state central in respect of international trade but distant from most constituent states in terms of administrative and cultural affairs. Your email address will not be published. okay let me give a different view from Kennedy’s cabal theory. The first was location, Lagos was in the south west of the country and was very far from the rest of the cities, especially does in the North. Abuja was mainly built in the 1980s and it officially became Nigeria’s capital on December 12, 1991, replacing Lagos. Abuja became the capital in 1991, if I recall correctly. The place was chosen as it was seen as a more neutral land for Nigeria’s many ethnic and religious groups — no group or ethnicity could call Abuja as their land. It is a planned city and was built mainly in the 1980s, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos as the capital on 12 December 1991. Nigeria needed a capital that was more equidistant to … The capital moved to Abuja from Lagos on the 12th of December 1991 and not in 1993. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. ), a former Nigeria Military Head of State, in an interview,revealed that the idea of developing a new capital was conceived by his government in 1974. excessive population, poverty, urban decay, and crime in and around Calabar was the base of the Europeans in the 18th century as it was close to the port, so it was made the first headquarter of the Niger Coast Protectorate (the name given to the country by the British in the 19th century). Its proximity to the sea allowed the Europeans to make use of its sea route to engage Nigeria. In 1976, head of state General Murtala R Mohammed announced that Abuja would be developed as the new capital. Required fields are marked *. Nigeria@60: Why Nigeria’s capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja – Dubawa Home Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? When did organ music become associated with baseball? The Nigeria we know today has an origin dating as far back as 1100 BC. Abuja in the center In his broadcast, General  Mohammed said “The area is not within the control of any of the major ethnic groups in the country. Nigeria is a Federal Republic comprising of thirty-six states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) at Abuja, which also doubles as the nation’s capital.However, Abuja did not become the nation’s capital until the year 1991. On September 10, 1884, England signed a Treaty of Protection with the King and Chiefs of Akwa Akpa, known to Europeans as Old Calabar, taking control over the entire territory of Calabar. During the period when Lagos was the capital, it still had its own governors. In 1991, the federal capital was moved to Abuja because of the The plan for the movement of the capital from Lagos to Abuja was initiated by General Murtala Mohammed but it was not actualized until 1991 during the regime of President Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. References: Naij, Wikipedia, New Telegraph Online, Quora. There was needed to get a settlement where the inhabitants would be compensated and vacated so the capital would be an independent city. After slave trade was banned at Calabar, the British moved to Lagos to colonize and possess the city. Submit your stories now via social or: Thank you! In 1976, head of state General Murtala R Mohammed announced that Abuja would be developed as the new capital. Fesadeb Communication is a Multi-Disciplinary Media Outfit Comprises of Professionals from Various Fields. It was also where the British Royal Niger Company preferred to hold its treaties before incorporation. It's easy to do. Some of the biases that led to the founding of a new capital are as follow: Having considered those biases and Abuja was picked out; the project of building the city (Abuja) began in the 1980s. ‘Headquarter’ in that century is the equivalent of ‘capital’ now.

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